Pilot’s Associate Program: Publications

The following is a partial collection of contemporary publications describing aspects of the PA.
JSF Clips – Flight International November 2001

Andes, Rob C. (1987) “Adaptive Aiding in Complex Systems: An Implementation,” Proceedings of the 1987 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics

Banks, Sheila B. and Lizza, Carl S. (1991) “The Pilot’s Associate: A Cooperative, Knowledge-Based System Application” IEEE Intelligent Systems and their Applications, June 1991 V6(3) pp 18-29

Bate, S. and Stanley, K. (1987) “Heuristic Route Planning: An Application to Fighter Aircraft,” National Aerospace Electronics Conference May, 1987

Corrigan, J. D. and Keller, Kirby J. (1989) “Pilot’s Associate: An In-Flight Mission Planning Application” AIAA Guidance, Navigations and Control Conference August, 1989

Edwards, Gary R. (1986) “Planning with A Priori Active Plan Elements,” IEEE Proceedings Westex 1986

Ernst-Fortin, S. T., Small, R. L., Bass, E. J. and Hogans, Jr., J. (1997). An adaptive cockpit hazard monitoring system (US Air Force contract F33615-95-C-3611). Norcross, GA: Search Technology, Inc.

Geddes, Norm D. and Hammer, John M. (1987) “Design of an Intelligent Monitor for Human Error in a Complex System,” AIAA Computers in Aerospace VI Conference October, 1987

Greenberg, A.D., Small, Ronald L. (1993). Improving human reliability through error monitoring. Proceedings of the IEEE Symposium on Reliability and Maintainability. Atlanta, GA, pp. 281-287.

Greenberg, A.D., Small, Ronald L., Zenyuh, J.P. & Skidmore, Monica D. (1995). Monitoring for hazard in flight management systems. European Journal of Operational Research, 84 (1995). The Netherlands: Elsevier Science B.V., pp. 5-24.

Hammer, John M. & Small, Ronald L. (1995). An intelligent interface in an associate system. In W.B. Rouse (Ed.), Human/Technology Interaction in Complex Systems (Vol. 7). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, pp. 1-44.

Hoshstrasser, Belinda D., & Small, Ronald L. (1993). The impact of associate systems technology on air traffic control. In J.A. Wise & D.J. Garland (Eds.), Human Factors and Advanced Aviation Technologies: Proceedings of FAA/NASA Advanced Workshop on Artificial Intelligence and Human Factors in Air Traffic Control and Aviation Maintenance. Daytona Beach, FL, pp. 99-106.

Hoshstrasser, Belinda D., & Small, Ronald L. (1994). The impact of associate systems technology on an air traffic controller’s situation awareness. In R.D. Gilson, D.J. Garland & J.M. Koonce (Eds.), Situational Awareness in Complex Systems: Proceedings of the Center for Applied Human Factors in Aviation (CAHFA) Conference on Situational Awareness in Complex Systems. Orlando, FL, pp. 227-236.

Howard, Chuck H., Hammer, John M., and Geddes, Norm D. (1988) “Information Display Management in a Pilot’s Associate,” Aerospace Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference October, 1988

Keller, Kirby J., Gaan, M. R., Markozian, L. Z., and Rockmore, A. J. (1984) “An Expert Planning System for Air-to-Air Combat Management,” 18th Annual Asilomar Conference on Circuits, Systems, and Computers November, 1984

Key, Charles (1987) “Integrating a Knowledge-Based System with a Deterministic Route Planner for Automated Mission Planning,” National Aerospace Electronics Conference May, 1987

Key, Charles and Leavitt, Tony (1987) “Pilot Aiding in the Pilot’s Associate Mission Planner” Proceedings of the 1987 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics

Key, Charles (1987) “Cooperative Planning in the Pilot’s Associate” Proceedings of the 1987 DARPA Knowledge-Based Planning Workshop

Key, Charles (1987) “Integrating a Knowledge-Based System with a Deterministic Route Planner for Automated Mission Planning” Proceedings of the 1987 National Aerospace Engineering Conference

Lambert, R. E. (1989) “Cockpit Information Management Through and Intelligent Pilot/Vehicle Interface,” AIAA/AHS/ASEE Conference on Aircraft Design and Operation August, 1989

Leavitt, C. A., and Smith, David M. (1989) “Integrated Dynamic Planning in the Pilot’s Associate” – AIAA Conference on Guidance, Navigation and Control

Levi, Keith, Perschbacher, D. L., Miller, C. A., Shalin, Valerie L., and Druhan, B. B. (1992) “An explanation–based learning approach to knowledge compilation: a pilot’s associate application” IEEE Expert, 1992, 7(3), 44-51.

Lizza, Carl S. and Friedlander, Carl (1988) “The Pilot’s Associate: A Forum for the Integration of Knowledge Based Systems and Avionics,” National Aerospace and Electronics Conference May, 1988

Lizza, Carl S. (1989) “Pilot’s Associate: A Perspective on Demonstration 2,” AIAA Computers in Aerospace Conference October, 1989

Lizza, Carl S. (1990) “A Model Tool Set for Real-Time Intelligent Systems” Real Time Systems: The International Journal of Time Critical Computing Systems February, 1990

Lizza, Carl S., Banks, Sheila B., and Whelan, M. E. (1990) “Pilot’s Associate: Evolution of a Functional Prototype,” AGARD Conference Proceedings 499

Lizza, Carl S., Rouse, Doug M., Small, Ron L. & Zenyuh, J.P. (1990). Pilot’s Associate: An evolving philosophy. Proceedings of the Conference — The Human Electronic Crew: Is the Team Maturing? Ingolstadt, Germany, pp. 134-139.

Lockheed Aeronautical Systems Company (1990) Phase 1 Final Report of the Pilot’s Associate Program, WRDC-TR-90-7007. Request copies from WL/FIPA, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433

Lockheed Aeronautical Systems Company (1993) Phase 2 Final Report of the Pilot’s Associate Program, Wright Laboratory, WL/FIPA, USAF, Wright-Patterson AFB, Dayton, OH 45433-6523 [Limited distribution final report on Contract number F33616-85-C-3804]

McCoy, M. S. and Boys, R. M. (1987) “Human Performance Models Applied to Intelligent Decision Support Systems,” National Aerospace Electronics Conference May, 1987

McCoy, M. S. and Boys, R. M. (1987) “A Human Performance Modeling Approach to Intelligent Decision Support Systems,” Space Operations, Automation and Robotics Conference August, 1987

Merkel, Phil A. (1987) “Rotorcraft Applications of DARPA’s Pilot’s Associate,” Rotorcraft Flight Controls and Avionics National Specialists’ Meeting October, 1987

Morishigi, Ronald I. and Retelle, John P. (1985) “Air Combat and Artificial Intelligence,” AIR FORCE Magazine October, 1985

Morishigi, Ronald I. (1987) “Cockpit Automation – A Pilot’s Perspective,” AGARD Proceedings, 1987

Pomeroy, Bruce (1989) “Detecting and Accommodating Equipment Faults in Real-Time: Examples from Pilot’s Associate,” IEEE Expert January, 1989

Pomeroy, Bruce, Spang, H. A., and Dausch, M. E. (1989) “Event Based Architecture for Diagnosis in Control Advisory Systems” IEEE Magazine 1989

Pomeroy, Bruce and Irving, Russ (1990) “A Blackboard Approach to Diagnosis in the Pilot’s Associate” IEEE Intelligent Systems and their Applications, August, 1990 V5(4) pp 39-46

Retelle, John P. (1986) “The Pilot’s Associate – an Aerospace Application of Artificial Intelligence,” SIGNAL June, 1986

Rouse, Doug M. and Hummel, T. C. (1987) “Pilot’s Associate: Enhancing Situational Awareness Through Cooperating Expert Systems,” Society of Automotive Engineers AeroTech 87 Conference October, 1987

Sewell, Dan R., Geddes, Norm D., and Rouse, William B. (1987) “Initial Evaluation of an Intelligent Interface for Operators of Complex Systems,” Proceedings of the Second Annual Conference on Human-Computer Interaction August, 1987

Skidmore, Monica D., Zenyuh, J.P., Small, Ronald L., Quinn, T.J. & Moyers, A.D. (1995). Dual use applications of hazard monitoring: Commercial and military aviation and beyond. Proceedings of the IEEE/AESS/SAE National Aerospace & Electronics Conference, NAECON ‘95. Dayton, OH.

Skidmore, Monica D., Small, Ronald L. & Zenyuh, J.P. (1995). A Prototype Flight Management System Error Monitor: Phase II Final Report (NASA contract NAS1-20210). Norcross, GA: Search Technology.

Skidmore, Monica D., Zenyuh, J.P. & Small, Ronald L. (1995). Hazard Monitoring: Arbitrating among remedial directives in the cockpit. In R.S. Jensen & L.A. Rakovan (Eds.), Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Aviation Psychology. Columbus, OH, pp. 186-190.

Small, Ronald L., Lizza, Carl S., & Zenyuh, J.P. (1988). The pilot’s associate: Today and tomorrow. Proceedings of the Conference — The Human-Electronic Crew: Can They Work Together? Ingolstadt, Germany, pp. 133-138.

Small, Ronald L. & Howard, Chuck W. (1991). A real-time approach to information management in a Pilot’s Associate. Proceedings of the 10th Annual Digital Avionics System Conference. Los Angeles, CA, pp. 440-445.

Small, Ronald L., Zenyuh, J.P. & Skidmore, M.D. (1993). A Prototype Flight Management System Error Monitor: Phase I Final Report (NASA contract NAS1-19898). Norcross, GA: Search Technology.

Smith, David M. and Broadwell, Martin M. (1986) “The Pilot’s Associate – an Overview,” 8th Annual Workshop on Expert Systems and Their Applications, Avignon, France

Smith, David M. and Lizza, Carl S. (1987) “A Methodology for Developing Cooperating Expert Systems,” National Aerospace Electronics Conference May, 1987

Smith, David M. and Broadwell, Martin M. (1987) “Plan Coordination in Support of Expert Systems Integration,” Proceedings of the 1987 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics

Smith, David M. and Broadwell, Martin M. (1989) “Pilot’s Associate: The Generation of Real-Time Performance” – AIAA/AAS/ASEE Aircraft Design Operations Meeting

Stefik, M (1985) “Strategic Computing at DARPA: Overview and Assessment,” Communications of the ACM, Vol 28, No 7 pp 690 – 704

Sweet, Larry M., Bonissone, Piero P., Brown, Alan L., and Gans, S. S. (1986) “Reasoning with Incomplete and Uncertain Information for Improved Situational Awareness in Pilot’s Associate,” 12th DARPA Strategic Systems Symposium October, 1986

Whiffen, Tim C. (1987) “Pilot’s Associate Approach to Integrating Distributed Expert Systems,” National Aerospace Electronics Conference May, 1987

Zenyuh, J.P., Small, Ronald L., Hammer, John M. & Greenberg, A.D. (1995). Principles of interaction for intelligent systems. In R.M. Taylor & J. Reising (Eds.), Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Human-Computer Teamwork. Cambridge, UK: Defence Research Agency, Centre for Human Sciences.

Some idiot from MIT’s humorous view.

last updated 3/11/2003 by David Smith

Continue to Photo Gallery >>